Academic Publications

Recent Publications

Fortify the Truth: How to Defend Human Rights in an Age of Deepfakes and Generative AI

Journal of Human Rights Practice, September 2023

Analysis of how human rights practitioners must confront the negative impacts of deepfakes and generative AI via tactical and strategic innovation in practices, policies and infrastructure.

Deepfakes, misinformation and disinformation and authenticity infrastructure responses: Impacts on frontline witnessing, distant witnessing, and civic journalism

Journalism, March 2022. 

Expert convening and research-based publication identifying how frontline witnessing and civic journalism are impacted by reality of, rhetoric about, and proposed solutions for, deepfakes. Paper includes further qualitative-research based discussion on authenticity infrastructure solutions highlighted in other publications.

Live-streaming for frontline and distant witnessing: A case study exploring mediated human rights experience, immersive witnessing, action, and solidarity in the Mobil-Eyes Us Project

NECSUS European Journal of Media Studies, Spring 2021

Analysis of a live-streaming project in Brazil focused on research questions around the nature of immersive witnessing, relationships of ‘mediating distant suffering’ as well as strategies for confronting human rights denial. Findings contextualised within recurring portfolio questions of participation, safety and security and local activism.

Ticks or It Didn't Happen: Confronting Key Dilemmas in Authenticity Infrastructure for Multimedia

G Ivens, S Gregory. WITNESS. 2019. 

Co-authored expert report, influential in shaping emerging technical and normative responses to misinformation known as ‘authenticity infrastructure’ including public impact on Content Authenticity Initiative whitepaper, global technical standards of the Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity and regulatory debates. 

Cameras everywhere revisited: how digital technologies and social media aid and inhibit human rights documentation and advocacy

Journal of Human Rights Practice 11 (2), 373-392, August 2019. 

Ten years on from a previous publication (‘Cameras Everywhere’ 2010), reviews key trends in human rights witnessing. It then turns to key challenges and identification of future trends related to questions of volume, safety and trust, and the role of platforms, infrastructure and governments, and provides insights into how these shifts relate to existing norms and practices in the field.